Causes of Atherosclerosis
The cause of atherosclerosis is a metabolic fat, having a genetic origin. Among the factors that determine the disease are also excessive consumption of fatty foods high in cholesterol, sugar, lack of physical activity, high blood pressure, overweight, and diabetes. As a result of the action of one or several of these factors, a large amount of cholesterol is contained in the blood of a patient with atherosclerosis. It settles on the inner walls of the arteries, forming the so-called cholesterol plaques. As a result, the arteries harden, and their lumen narrows, preventing blood flow, which leads to starvation of tissues. Malnutrition organs, especially the heart and brain, are affected. Continue reading
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance, without which the normal functioning of the human body is impossible. Cholesterol is a kind of building frame that ensures the stability of cell membranes. It is also part of the bile, sex hormones and vitamin D3. Most of this substance (about 80%) is synthesized in the liver, a smaller (about 20%) comes with food.
In the blood, cholesterol is contained in the form of complex compounds – lipoproteins. There are “good” cholesterol – high density lipoproteins, in which excess cholesterol is removed from the body, and “bad” cholesterol – low density lipoproteins, which are worse excreted from the body and partially deposited on the walls of the arteries, forming cholesterol plaques. Continue reading