Alcohol poisoning: first aid
Alcoholic poisoning of moderate severity can be treated at home on their own, with a more severe degree of alcohol intoxication, the patient needs medical assistance and hospital treatment.
Here is an approximate algorithm of actions for intoxication when the patient is conscious.
Remove ethanol from the stomach (ethanol)
To do this, wash the stomach and remove toxins from it. The first step is to give the poisoned person a drink of water with dissolved soda or salt and induce vomiting by pressing on the root of the tongue. This procedure is repeated several times until the stomach is completely clear of ethanol.
After that, you should give the patient some enterosorbent. These drugs bind toxins and remove them from the body along with feces.
The cheapest and most affordable enterosorbent is activated charcoal in tablets. They are taken in the amount of 1 tablet per 10 kg of weight. It is advisable to pre-crush them and dilute in water.
You can also use “Smektu” (it also has an enveloping effect), “Polysorb”, “Enterosgel”, “Filtrum”.
Then the patient is placed in bed and covered with a blanket. The best thing for him is how to sleep.
Restoring the water-salt balance
In the process of vomiting, dehydration and loss of body salts is required. In addition, alcohol acts as a strong diuretic, which also contributes to fluid loss. That is why in case of alcohol poisoning you should drink as much as possible, preferably water, simple or mineral, with lemon. There are also rehydrating drugs that help restore the water-salt balance. They are composed of salts of sodium, potassium, glucose. They can be purchased at a pharmacy without a prescription. And you can make this tool yourself: 0.5 tsp of table salt + 4 tsp of sugar per 1 liter of water.
We restore the useful microflora
Ethanol destroys the beneficial bacteria that live in the intestines. Because of this, after intoxication with alcohol, digestive problems often begin – diarrhea or, conversely, constipation occurs. Probiotics – preparations containing beneficial microorganisms will help restore the microflora.
Restores microflora and drinking dairy products.
What to do when indomitable vomiting?
In general, vomiting during intoxication is a protective reaction of the body: thus it tries to get rid of poisons. But if it does not pass for a long time or is accompanied by other symptoms, this can be a serious sign.
Vomiting contains remnants of undigested food and alcohol – this is normal, such vomiting brings relief.
Vomiting with bile (green), leaves bitterness in the mouth – perhaps the work of the biliary tract is disturbed, pancreatitis begins. The help of the doctor is necessary.
Vomiting is accompanied by coughing, a feeling of lack of air, a change in complexion – a sign of an allergic reaction to alcohol.
Vomiting with blood clots, black vomiting – symptoms of internal bleeding. Urgent hospitalization is required.
With strong, persistent vomiting, rinsing the head with cold water or applying cold to the back of the head can help. You can also drink water or rehydrating solutions. You can take an antiemetic.
If a person has lost consciousness
If a person is unconscious, then in no case should he wash his stomach. You must immediately call an ambulance. Before her arrival, lay the patient on his side, turning his head so that the tongue does not sink. Loosen the clothing.
If the victim develops vomiting, it is necessary to ensure that its masses do not clog the airways.
You can try to bring a person to consciousness, having spent around his nose with a cotton swab moistened with ammonia (do not push the cotton wool in the nose!). It also helps quite a strong rubbing of the ears.
It is necessary to monitor the work of the heart (check the pulse) and breathing. If the pulse has disappeared or breathing has ceased, resuscitation should begin: heart massage or artificial respiration.
What you can not do
You can not take sleeping pills: they only increase the effect of alcohol on the central nervous system.
You can not drink alcohol and take medicines. Especially dangerous is the combination of alcoholic beverages with diuretics – this can be fatal. The same goes for aspirin. It is usually taken to relieve symptoms of a hangover. But if ethanol is still contained in the stomach, then aspirin in combination with it can cause stomach bleeding.
After alcohol poisoning, it is impossible to bathe in a bath, as a bath is a strong load on the heart, which has already been subjected to alcohol testing. But the shower, especially the contrast, can help.
Well, the best remedy for alcohol poisoning is simply not to drink alcohol.