How to stop bleeding from the nose
A condition where blood is flowing from the nose is very common. It can occur in an adult and a child. In this case, the bleeding may be quite insignificant: only a few droplets, which immediately roll up, or maybe very strong, pour in a stream.
Is it dangerous? It all depends on why the nose bleeds, as well as on the type and intensity of bleeding.
Blood from the nose – types of bleeding
If only a few drops of blood flowed from the nose and the bleeding stopped immediately, without causing any consequences, it is assessed as insignificant.
If the blood loss is about 100–200 ml and is accompanied by pallor, weakness and dizziness, this bleeding is considered moderate by the doctors.
When blood loss is more than 200 ml, which causes rapid breathing, severe weakness, dizziness, such bleeding is called massive.
Finally, profuse bleeding is characterized by a loss of more than 0.5 liters of blood. This condition is extremely dangerous: the pressure drops sharply, confusion develops, fainting.
Doctors also distinguish bleeding at the place of occurrence – front and back.
In the first case, it occurs in the so-called Kisselbach site – the anterior section of the nose, which contains many small vessels. It is observed most often – in 9 cases out of 10 – and passes by itself.
Large arteries are located in the posterior part of the nose; if they are affected by the blood streaming, its loss can be significant. By itself, the bleeding does not stop.
Injuries as a cause of nosebleeds
Why is the nose bleeding
Generally speaking, the reason why blood flows from the nose is ruptured or ruptured blood vessels. They can be damaged due to various circumstances.
With this reason, everything is clear. These are fractures due to accidents, injury to the nasal mucosa. The latter is possible with various medical manipulations in the nasal cavity, with the penetration of a foreign body into the nose, and simply with the banal picking in the nose.
Blood can go from the nose because of the great dryness of the air, when the mucous membrane dries out and the vessels break easily. Frost air, overheating, excessive overloads, not only physical, but also psycho-emotional, have a similar effect.
When the pressure drops (mountains, take-off of the plane, diving) the vessels do not withstand and burst. The same happens with strong sneezing.
Bleeding from the nose prone to lovers of hard liquor.
Inhalation of toxic substances, as well as chronic intoxication of the body, are also causes of blood flowing from the nose.
Nasal sprays from the common cold dry the mucous membranes of the nose, causing bleeding. Blood thinning drugs are dangerous in this regard.
High blood pressure as a cause of nosebleeds
Diseases and pathologies
Inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract: sinusitis, adenoids, sinusitis, rhinitis – lead to excessive filling of mucous blood, this causes bleeding.
The blood from the nose accompanies the formation (polyps, tumors), curvature of the nasal septum.
Arterial hypertension and atherosclerosis are factors that increase the risk of nosebleeds.
The causes of bleeding can be hormonal changes, low clotting, liver disease, allergic reactions, lack of vitamins, calcium.
Slight bleeding in children is explained by the fact that their vessels are not yet fully formed.
With age, the vessels lose elasticity, which determines the cases of nasal bleeding in the elderly.
Vessels may be located too close to the mucous membrane, and this congenital feature provokes nosebleeds.
When bleeding on the nose, put something cold
What to do if blood is flowing from the nose
You can stop it yourself only if it is anterior bleeding, minor or moderate. If there is a strong back bleeding, blood clots should immediately go to the hospital or call an ambulance.
So how can you stop the bleeding from the nose?
. Sit down (or sit the victim) and tilt your head slightly. If blood gets into your mouth, you should spit it out.
Put something cold on the nose, then the vessels will narrow. Not bad cold attach also to the back of the head. Keep the cold for a long time is not necessary, 10 minutes is enough.
Pinch the nostril (or both nostrils) with your fingers, breathing through your mouth.
If after 10–15 minutes the blood is still flowing, take a tampon from cotton wool (gauze turunda), soak in hydrogen peroxide (3%) or put nasal drops on them, narrowing the vessels, and place them in the nostril (both nostrils).
When the blood stops, hold the tampon in the nose a little more, then gently (without a jerk) pull out.
If the blood continues to flow, you should call the ambulance – the victim needs treatment in a hospital.
If the blood from the nose goes regularly, you should consult with your doctor and be examined for the disease.
What not to do
Should not go to bed.
In no case, as ignorant people advise, throw back your head. Otherwise, blood may get into the respiratory tract or bronchi, vomiting, coughing will occur.