Symptoms of acclimatization
If you are going on a long trip: on a business trip or a long-awaited vacation, do not forget about acclimatization, which can cause a lot of trouble. After all, the body will have to adapt to new conditions for it: temperature and humidity, changing time zones, a different light day and solar activity, unusual food and water. And for the psyche, changes are not painless, even if they are extremely positive.
How is it going and how much acclimatization lasts
As a rule, the acclimatization process includes three phases.
The first – approximate – occurs immediately upon arrival at a new place. The novelty of the situation leads to some inhibition, lethargy and drowsiness. Interestingly, in children of this phase is not observed, they do not experience any excitement from a change of place and, conversely, from the very beginning they become very active.
After 2-4 days, the high reactivity phase begins. There is no trace of lethargy, it is replaced by increased activity. The work of all body systems is intensifying: central nervous, respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrine. At the same time, their stability decreases, which is manifested by various ailments.
The third phase is normalization. The body gets used to the new conditions and starts working normally.
It is believed that normalization occurs 10 days after arriving at a new place, but these terms may vary considerably from person to person. They are determined by the general state of health, age, individual body resistance. New climatic conditions are also important.
How does acclimatization
The most common signs of an organism’s adaptation include:
temperature increase, sometimes significant – up to 38 ° С;
symptoms of colds – runny nose, sore throat, cough;
digestive disorders — constipation or diarrhea;
failure of the menstrual cycle (in women).
The severity of these symptoms may vary. It is due to:
age – harder to endure acclimatization of young children and the elderly. With care it is necessary to change the climate of “cores” and people suffering from lung diseases. Young healthy people, especially those who travel frequently, may not notice any negative changes at all;
climate – the body is more difficult to adapt to the conditions of dry deserts, high mountains, humid tropics;
the difference between the usual and new weather-climatic conditions. The process of restructuring the body is harder with a sharp change in temperature, for example when traveling in winter to rest in hot countries.
How to mitigate the symptoms of acclimatization
There is no radical remedy for the symptoms of acclimatization. However, there are general recommendations that will mitigate the unpleasant effects of climate change.
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When planning a trip to warm countries with small children, keep in mind that the child needs at least two weeks to adapt to the new conditions. Therefore, the rest should last at least a month, only then he will not disappoint you and will benefit the child.
It is advisable to come to a new place in the evening in order to have a good rest during the night.
In the first days of rest give up alcohol. You should also not immediately try new exotic dishes.
Try to drink more liquid, best of all water, but only bottled.
Before the trip, a few days, try to go to the local time of the country where you are going.
Try to maintain a healthy lifestyle before traveling, do not overwork, do not be nervous, get enough sleep.
Older people and those who suffer from chronic diseases, it is advisable to consult a doctor before traveling and get his recommendations. Perhaps the doctor will prescribe the necessary medications that will help to avoid health problems at rest.