What not to do with solar and thermal burns
Burns are the most common domestic injuries. Even far from medicine people face them. And of course, there is a whole list of methods that can bring relief to the victim. But due to their inexperience, people often resort to the help of very dubious procedures, after which the suffering of the unfortunate is even more aggravated. Therefore, you must remember forever what you can not do with burns.
What you need to know about burns
A burn is an injury to the skin, and sometimes to the subcutaneous tissues, triggered by exposure to aggressive factors. Depending on the source of the damage, burns can be:
And before we consider what can be done with burns, and what cannot be done, it is important to understand the degree of tissue trauma.
Treat yourself burns only 1st and 2nd degree
Damaged skin reddens. A slight swelling is noticeable. Touching the injured area is painful. Only the upper layer (epidermis) is damaged.
Traumatized skin is deeper, the upper and second layers are damaged (epidermis and dermis). This is indicated by blisters. They are filled with clear or yellowish liquid.
Deep tissue damage. Not only the two skin layers are affected, but also the nerves and vessels. At this stage, the bubbles have already burst, the person is in extreme pain.
The skin is charred, the sensitivity is lost, the subcutaneous tissue is visible. With such burns, muscles, subcutaneous tissue, and sometimes bones are injured.
Only 1st and 2nd degree burns can be treated on their own, provided that the affected area is insignificant. With a 3rd and 4th degree, the patient needs adequate medical care. Any wrong actions can provoke a painful shock.
In everyday life, thermal injuries are most common. This category includes injuries resulting from local exposure to hot objects or substances.
Thermal burn may be triggered by steam.
To provoke a thermal burn can:
hot objects (iron, oven).
This is a common trauma for sunbathers. Sunburn appears after excessive exposure of the skin to ultraviolet rays. Such injuries usually respond well to home healing. But in some situations, a visit to the doctor is necessary. These are the following cases:
Face burn Such injuries are difficult and can leave behind severe scars and scars.
Severe puffiness. May signal the development of an allergic reaction or a high degree of trauma.
Big square. With significant areas of damage, especially with blistering, the person experiences severe pain.
9 “no” for burns
A person who is injured needs quick and proper help. This mission is assigned to those who are nearby. The subsequent rehabilitation of the victim depends on their actions. Therefore, it is important to remember that it is absolutely impossible to do with thermal and sunburn.
Can not be smeared with butter or dairy products.
There is a widespread opinion that the burned surface should be greased with sea buckthorn, olive or even ordinary sunflower oil. This procedure does not alleviate the condition of the sufferer and does not cure burns at all.
Burns can not be oiled
After applying oil on the damaged skin, a thin fatty film is formed on the surface. It does not allow air masses that can cool injured skin to circulate. A “greenhouse” is created around the burn, inside of which a high temperature continues to persist.
This concerns not only butter, but also sour milk products. Why it is impossible to smear a burn with sour cream, kefir or ryazhenka? This product contains animal fats that create the same “greenhouse effect”.
Cannot be treated with alcohol.
To avoid infection, people treat the affected area with alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, vodka, various tinctures. Doing this is strictly prohibited.
Funds on alcohol increase pain and lead to excessive drying of tissues, which greatly complicates the recovery of the skin.
The effects of alcohol on burns, which are obtained by hot chemical solutions (for example, when boiling laundry), are especially dangerous. In this case, the lesion area may increase significantly.
Do not apply decoctions of herbs
There is no convincing evidence that medicinal herbs help in the first minutes after burns. Therefore, doctors advise not to expose damaged skin to obviously ineffective means.
Herbal broth will not help with burns
Do not use ice
In an effort to cool the surface of the skin as quickly as possible after thermal or sun exposure, people resort to using ice. This is another common mistake.
Why it is impossible to put ice if doctors recommend to immediately affect the burn with cold water? The injury really needs to be cooled, but not with ice. The latter inhibits blood circulation, with the result that the recovery is slower.