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What is dangerous about liposuction fat removal?

Get rid of excess fat deposits, to get a slim figure – the dream of every woman (today, men are more and more committed to this). You can go on a diet or start going to the gym, but such measures do not always help. A more radical way – liposuction, removal of excess fat by surgery. How dangerous is such an operation? What consequences can it cause? These questions are constantly asked plastic surgeons.

Like any surgical procedure, liposuction carries certain risks. But before we talk about the complications, it is necessary to understand what an operation is to remove fat.

How is liposuction performed?
Liposuction of the abdomen is most often performed, although fat can be removed from the thighs, buttocks, arms and back. Its essence lies in the destruction of fat deposits in one way or another and in its subsequent removal – suction with the help of vacuum.

They destroy fatty tissue either with special tubes – cannulas, or they inject a cocktail with saline and active substances that break down fat subcutaneously, or use ultrasound or laser. After that, the fat is removed with an aspirator through punctures and incisions in the skin.

When a large amount of fat is carried out several operations with an interval of several weeks.

The results of liposuction are largely determined by the experience and qualifications of the surgeon and the quality of the equipment.

Is liposuction suitable for everyone?
No, not all. This operation has its own contraindications.

First, liposuction is not performed if the fat layer is small.

With significant fat deposits, the doctor will suggest an abdominoplasty – surgical plastic surgery of the abdomen. This is a more serious and traumatic intervention.

It makes no sense to perform liposuction, if the skin is stretched, flabby, inelastic. In this case, the fat can be removed, but in its place there will be a sagging leather bag. And it is not known what is worse.

There are a lot of general contraindications to surgery: impaired blood clotting, infectious diseases, inflammatory processes, malignant tumors, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, pregnancy, neurological pathologies, diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, etc.
Dangerous effects of liposuction
Complications associated with anesthesia. Fat removal is performed under general anesthesia, and anesthesia is already a risk.

Great blood loss. During surgery, the blood vessels are damaged, resulting in bleeding. If a significant amount of fat is removed, the blood loss can be very large. And this can lead to anemia, deterioration of the blood supply to the brain (ischemia), heart (heart failure), weakened immunity.

Pulmonary embolism. After surgery, a thrombus can form. Moving through the vessels, it can clog the pulmonary artery. This condition is dangerous, especially if the pulmonary trunk is blocked. If small branches are affected, the symptoms are minor (cough, slight fever) and quickly pass. Fortunately, this complication happens rarely.

Fat embolism. Even more rare, but possible complication of liposuction. Its essence is that fat drops that clog up blood vessels enter the bloodstream. In severe form, fat embolism leads to disruption of the heart and lungs, disorders of the central nervous system.

Local complications
Edema. Abdominal swelling is considered a normal reaction to surgery. It occurs a day after the intervention and increases in 2-3 days. Edema lasts a week, then decreases and disappears.

Hematomas. Their appearance is associated with the accumulation of blood. These are bluish spots, painful with pressure. Temperature increases are also possible. When using a laser hematoma does not occur.

Seroma. During the operation, the lymphatic vessels are damaged, inflammation occurs, this is accompanied by the release of fluid – exudate. If the fluid from the wound does not withdraw (do not drain the wound), it accumulates in it, forming gray. Manifested seroma soreness, swelling, fever.

Suppuration. If an infection gets into the wound, it may fester. Suppuration is promoted by poor wound healing, diabetes mellitus, reduced immunity.
Irregularities after liposuction (in the photo is a model of Andress Urak)

Necrosis. The death of tissue is usually caused by a violation of the blood supply to the tissues due to severe damage to the blood vessels.

Impaired sensitivity. This can be either increased or decreased sensitivity of the skin, as well as various sensations (goosebumps, tingling). As a rule, these phenomena disappear after a couple of months. But sometimes sensitivity disorders take a chronic course.

Pigmentation. In one case out of a hundred, pigment spots appear at the site of intervention. They can occur only under the action of the sun or be present all the time. Why this happens is unknown.

Cosmetic defects. Rough scars may remain on the skin after liposuction, the skin may become lumpy. With insufficient elasticity of the skin, it may sag. Another aesthetic defect is a violation of the symmetry of the figure.

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