Symptoms and effects of inguinal hernia in men
What causes hernia
Most often, hernia occurs due to great physical effort, in particular due to lifting heavy loads and carrying them in front of you.
Contributes to its emergence constant persistent cough, which causes an increase in intra-abdominal pressure.
An inguinal hernia is also caused by weak ligaments and peritoneal muscles, which can be congenital or caused by closed injuries in the groin area.
Risk factors are also chronic constipation, obesity, drastic weight loss.
How does a hernia appear
At the earliest stage, the hernia does not make itself felt. The only sign is a slight protrusion in the groin area, which occurs when standing. When a man lies down, the protrusion disappears. As the hernia grows, the protrusion becomes more and more noticeable. It already does not disappear and delivers a certain discomfort. Sometimes the hernia falls into the scrotum, and then the latter increases.
A growing hernia is manifested by unpleasant sensations: heaviness, pressure, burning sensation, tingling.
Another sign of a hernia is pain. Pain can be localized in the lower abdomen and lower back. They can be aching, blunt, when the hernia is strangled – very strong, sharp, sharp.
If the bladder is affected, there may be frequent and painful urination.
Sometimes symptoms such as constipation, gas, belching, nausea.
What is dangerous hernia
Often men treat this disease lightly enough, especially since in the early stages it does not cause any particular anxiety. In fact, it is impossible to start a hernia, as the complications of untreated pathology are very serious.
The most dangerous is infringement, that is, squeezing of the part of the intestine in the hernial sac. The infringement is manifested by harsh, unbearable pain that can cover the entire abdomen.
At the same time, it is impossible to correct the hernia on its own, and this is another sure sign of infringement.
Other manifestations include a sharp drop in blood pressure, weakness, vomiting.
This is an emergency condition that requires an emergency operation. Without treatment, a strangulated hernia leads to inflammation of the peritoneum (peritonitis) and necrosis of the intestine. It is clear that such serious consequences are likely to be fatal.
Hernia inflammation – develops when the infection penetrates into the hernial bag. Manifested by fever, stool retention, increased hernia and redness of the skin in its area.
Koprostasis – congestion of feces in the large intestine, trapped in the hernial sac. Symptoms – abdominal pain, constipation. Often occurs in old people suffering from obesity. Koprostasis can go into the infringement.
Hernia lesions occur when the abdomen is injured, moreover, both at the hernia itself and at a distance from it, as well as with a sudden increase in intra-abdominal pressure. Damage to the hernia is dangerous because the intestine may burst.
How is hernia treated
An inguinal hernia is considered to be a surgical disease, that is, treatment involves surgery, both laparoscopic, through punctures in the abdomen, and conventional, classical. There are various methods of surgical treatment, the surgeon chooses a specific option, taking into account the type of hernia, the stage of the disease, the patient’s condition, etc.
Treatment by conservative methods is used only in cases where the operation is contraindicated, and it is usually ineffective.
If you suspect an inguinal hernia, do not hope that it will resolve and disappear. It will not resolve and will not disappear, but on the contrary, it will grow. You should not wait for serious complications and emergency surgery. It is much better to consult a doctor in time, be examined and undergo treatment in a planned manner.