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The umbilical hernia of newborns is a rather frequent phenomenon: it occurs in every fourth to fifth baby. What is an umbilical hernia? In a child with this pathology, the…

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Modern aesthetic surgery: facial surgery
The pursuit of beauty is quite natural. A beautiful face determines both success with the opposite sex, and rapid progress along the career ladder, and ease in any communication. But…

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Modern aesthetic surgery: facial surgery

The pursuit of beauty is quite natural. A beautiful face determines both success with the opposite sex, and rapid progress along the career ladder, and ease in any communication. But nature is not generous to everyone – someone has a disproportionately long nose, another has bulging ears. A person may be disfigured by an accident, an accident. And of course, beauty is eaten up by age: wrinkles, bags under the eyes, sagging cheeks. All these disadvantages can be corrected to varying degrees with the help of aesthetic surgery – plastic and reconstructive. The first corrects natural imperfections, the second helps to get rid of the effects of injury or illness.

Blepharoplasty – plastic eyelids
This operation is performed:

when sagging skin of the upper eyelids;
puffiness of the lower and upper eyelids;
age change contour of the upper eyelid;
stretched skin of the lower eyelids;
reduced muscle tone of the eye;
asymmetrical eye section;
hernia of the century.
The procedure is carried out as follows: an incision is made: in the upper eyelid, in a natural crease, in the lower eyelid, just below the eyelash line. Through it remove excess fat, then excise excess skin. The result persists for 5–7 years.

Rhinoplasty – nose surgery
This operation is performed to give the nose a more aesthetic look. Indications are:

a saddle nose with a depression in the middle;
Aquiline nose;
wide nose;
crooked nose;
the nose is of normal shape, but its owner does not like it.
But operations to correct the shape of the nose do not only for aesthetic purposes. Medical indications for rhinoplasty include:

curvature of the nasal septum (to restore nasal breathing).
During surgery, tissues, cartilage and bone are excised, implants are placed under the skin, and other types of surgery are used. Cuts are performed along the edge of the wings, nostrils or inside the nose.

Otoplasty – ear plastic
With this operation, correct the following defects and defects of the auricle:

too big ears;
ear asymmetry;
defects of the lobe (piercing, etc.);
deformation (congenital or resulting from injury) of the ears;
lack of auricle in whole or in part.
Ear surgery is performed from 6 years of age. An incision is made on the back wall of the ear and gives the desired cartilage to the ear cartilage. The procedure is performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia, it takes about one and a half hours.

Chiloplasty – plastic lips
When cheiloplasty change the contour and size of the lips, eliminate defects in the contour of the lips. This plastic can be contour and reconstructive.

A lip contour eraser is used for:

increase (decrease) the volume of the lips;
lip shape correction;
eliminate asymmetry.
The essence of the procedure is the introduction to the lips of various substances: its own adipose tissue, hyaluronic acid, and synthetic preparations. Each of the methods has its pros and cons, and the duration of the effect.

With the help of reconstructive cheiloplasty correct birth defects and cosmetic defects:

cleft palate, cleft lip;
saggy lower lip;
filiform lips;
benign tumors.
During surgery, the skin on the lip is excised, and then sutured.

Frontal plastic – forehead plastics
In this operation, the following tasks:

lower forehead too high;
raise low forehead;
correct the depressed forehead;
correct too prominent forehead;
change the shape of the eyebrows;
Raise the lowered eyebrows.
Often, frontoplasty is performed along with face lifting.

The forehead plasty is a traumatic operation, it lasts about 3 hours and is performed in several stages.

Cheek surgery
This operation is used to correct age changes:

excess skin, wrinkles in the cheek area;
deep nasolabial folds;
flabby wrinkled neck (its front surface);
loss of the contour of the lower jaw.
Ritidectomy – facelift – circular face lift
This operation eliminates the age-related changes of the skin of the face. Indications for it are:

sagging and flabbiness of the skin;
changes in facial contours, flews;
deep nasolabial and expression lines;
sagging in the cheekbone area.
This is a serious and large operation. The skin is cut from the temple to the ear, exfoliate from the right areas, redistribute, and cut off the excess. Then the skin is pulled back and up.

Recovery after surgery is long – 3-4 months. Immediately after the intervention, there may be bruises, swelling, numbness and tingling of the skin. This procedure is carried out not earlier than 40 years, preferably closer to 50 years.

As you can see, plastic surgeons today work wonders by completely changing their appearance: removing wrinkles and sagging skin, correcting the shape of the nose, the ears, the shape of the eyes. They can literally sculpt a face anew, bringing it closer to the ideal image, returning youth and beauty.

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