The umbilical hernia of newborns is a rather frequent phenomenon: it occurs in every fourth to fifth baby. What is an umbilical hernia? In a child with this pathology, the umbilical ring expands, and the internal organs of the peritoneum in this place bulge under the skin. The reason for this is the weak muscles of the abdominal cavity in babies, and additional pressure in the abdomen due to the accumulation of gas, strong crying, coughing, sneezing also contributes.
As a rule, over time, the umbilical hernia goes away on its own, but complications are also possible – pinching the hernia, which poses serious problems. In case of infringement, do not in any way attempt to right a hernia, immediately call an ambulance. Help in this case can only be an operation.
In order to prevent the infringement of the hernia, the area around the navel is glued. You can use a regular plaster for this, but it is much more convenient to use a special umbilical plaster – you can buy it at the pharmacy.
What good is the umbilical patch? He several times reduces the likelihood that you will seal the baby’s navel wrong, and this is very important. It does not cause discomfort in the baby and does not interfere with it. It is made from natural materials, does not irritate the skin and does not cause allergies.
How does the patch work? It compresses the hole around the navel and fixes the navel ring in this position. And the tumbled-out organs sink back into the abdominal cavity. Accordingly, the hernia is always in the changed state. As a result, the hernia goes away, the pressure on the umbilical ring disappears, and the ring does not expand. With the growth of the child, the abdominal muscles are strengthened, the work of the intestines comes to normal, increased gas formation stops. And the hernia is reduced and completely absorbed.
The umbilical patch for newborns consists of two parts, it is tightened on the umbilical ring, like a strap, closing the edges of the umbilical ring. But only a doctor can do this correctly, especially the first time. Before sticking a plaster, the doctor sets a hernia and then tightens the abdominal muscles so that folds form over the navel. On these folds covering the umbilical ring, and glued the patch.
The plaster on the umbilical ring can be applied only after the navel is fully healed and the wound is cicatrized. It is applied for 10 days and is not removed during this time. It is even recommended to bathe a baby with a glued plaster – the material from which it is made can withstand wetting in water.
After 10 days, the doctor removes the plaster and examines the navel of the child. If necessary, the patch is applied for another 10 days. As a rule, the optimal course of treatment is 30 days, that is, the patch is glued 3 times. In most cases, after using the umbilical patch, the hernia disappears or is much smaller in size.
In addition to using the umbilical patch, the baby needs to regularly do massage and gymnastic exercises, which also contributes to the treatment of hernia.
It must be remembered that the sealing of the umbilical hernia with a plaster is effective only if the child is small. After 5 years of age, the plaster will not help, and the only way out will be surgical treatment. However, hernia excision surgery is simple: it is easily tolerated and very rarely gives complications.